Domestic Council Associate Director;
Executive Director, Intelligence Coordinating Group;
Special Counsel to the President

View digital copies of Raoul-Duval's Election Campaign Papers and Ford-Carter Debate Papers


Notes from presidential meetings and other materials concerning Duval's work on energy, natural resources, transportation and other issues. Also files on the 1976 general election, including campaign strategy and preparations for the Ford-Carter debates, and files on Ford's campaign for the Republican nomination, especially the California primary. Also small files on congressional investigations of the intelligence community and planning for a second Ford term.

13.0 linear feet (ca. 26,000 pages)

Michael Raoul-Duval (accession number 80-7)

Open. Some items are temporarily restricted under terms of the donor's deed of gift, a copy of which is available on request, or under National Archives and Records Administration general restrictions (36 CFR 1256).

Michael Raoul-Duval donated to the United States of America his copyrights in all of his unpublished writings in National Archives collections. The copyrights to materials written by other individuals or organizations are presumed to remain with them. Works prepared by U.S. Government employees as part of their official duties are in the public domain.

Prepared by Paul Conway, February 1984 (Revised 1986)
[s:\bin\findaid\raoul-duval, michael - papers.doc]


Michael Raoul-Duval

July 18, 1938 - Born, San Francisco, California

1957-61 - Student, Georgetown University, Washington, DC

1961-64 - Officer, United States Marine Corps

1964-72 - United States Marine Corps Reserve

1964-67 - Student, Hastings College of Law, University of California

1967-70 - Lawyer, Office of General Counsel, Federal Aviation Administration, Department of Transportation

1970-72 - Staff Assistant to the President (scheduling of trips and planning President Nixon's foreign trips)

1972-73 - Consultant on detail to the Inaugural Committee

Mar.-Oct. 1973 - Aide to HUD Secretary James Lynn in his role as Counsellor to the President for Community Development

Oct. 1973-May 1974 - Staff Assistant, Domestic Council staff

May 1974-Oct. 1975 - Associate Director for Natural Resources and Associate Director for Energy and Transportation, Domestic Council staff

Oct. 1975-Apr. 1976 - Assistant Counsellor to the President and Executive Director of the White House Intelligence Coordinating Group

Apr. 1976-Jan. 1977 - Special Counsel to the President

1977-? President, Industrial Products Group, Mead Corporation, Dayton, OH

1984-? - Management Committee Member, then Managing Director, First Boston Corporation, New York, NY

1990 - Formed Duval Group, a New York investment banking firm

1994 - Formed Michael Duval & Associates, an investment banking firm, Sante Fe, New Mexico

1999 - Retired as Chairman of Michael Duval & Associates

April 20, 2001 - Died, Sante Fe, New Mexico


The Michael Raoul-Duval papers document his political activities on behalf of President Ford's election campaign in 1976, and portions of his Domestic Council staff work in 1974 and 1975 and intelligence policy coordination in 1975 and 1976. Throughout the Ford administration, Raoul-Duval often worked in several major policy areas simultaneously, with no clean break from one duty to the next. Additional Raoul-Duval files are available as part of the Ford presidential papers (White House Staff Files - Domestic Council).

Raoul-Duval's White House Responsibilities
Continuing from the Nixon to the Ford Domestic Council staffs, Raoul-Duval handled energy, environment, and transportation issues under successive executive directors Kenneth Cole and James Cannon. He had frequent access to President Ford, often sitting in on meetings between the President and members of Congress, cabinet officers, or representatives of business, industry, and labor. Raoul-Duval continued to monitor major energy legislation after leaving the Domestic Council staff in 1975.

In 1975 both the Senate and House set up special committees to investigate alleged intelligence community abuses of authority. President Ford established a White House Intelligence Coordinating Group (ICG) and appointed Raoul-Duval to serve as executive director under John Marsh. The ICG served in part as a problem management task force to handle congressional relations strategy and respond to adverse press and public reactions. The ICG also prepared a set of recommendations on intelligence community reform and drafted an Executive Order implementing President Ford's decisions.

As the ICG completed its work in early 1976, Raoul-Duval began working closely with Richard Cheney, David Gergen and other senior advisers concerned about Ronald Reagan's successes in spring primary elections. In May Raoul-Duval campaigned for President Ford prior to the California primary. In July he represented the President in negotiations with Ronald Reagan's staff on the Republican Party platform. In May and June, before all the primary elections had been held, Cheney urged Raoul-Duval and others to draft a "rose garden" strategy for the fall election campaign. In July he revised and expanded this strategy memo into an overall strategy plan for the fall campaign. President Ford and his campaign team approved this plan in a series of late August meetings in Vail, Colorado.

A key part of both the strategy memo and the strategy plan was a series of debates with Democratic Party candidate Jimmy Carter. Raoul-Duval coordinated President Ford's preparations for the three debates that took place in:

  • Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on September 23
  • San Francisco, California on October 6
  • Williamsburg, Virginia on October 22
Raoul-Duval helped negotiate with Carter's staff and the League of Women Voters on debate sites and logistics, pulled together numerous suggestions and issues papers, prepared briefing papers for the president, and oversaw technical operations.

In October Raoul-Duval drafted plans to smooth Ford's transition to a second term. Following Jimmy Carter's November victory, he served under John Marsh as a liaison to Carter's transition team. He also handled the administration's review of the Peterson Commission's report, which recommended substantial pay increases for federal executives.

Strengths and Weaknesses of the Papers
Overall, Raoul-Duval's papers are a very good resource for the study of important policy decisions on energy and the environment, and of President Ford's election campaign. Raoul-Duval's notes from meetings between the president and his advisers or special interest representatives are of particular value. While not verbatim accounts of the meetings, the notes sometimes vividly portray the give-and-take of the president's decision making process. Raoul-Duval's deep involvement in general election campaign planning is well documented through notes and drafts of both his key campaign strategy memo and the fall campaign plan. President Ford's debate preparations are highlighted in notes from strategy meetings and negotiating sessions, in briefing materials, and in rehearsal notes and transcripts. Raoul-Duval's post-election review of the Peterson Commission report is also well documented.

The fragmented nature of the domestic policy material and the incomplete papers on Raoul-Duval's work on the Republican platform and the Intelligence Coordinating Group are the primary weaknesses of these papers. Researchers should consult Raoul-Duval's files among the Ford Papers for additional material on these and other topics.

Related Materials (February 1984)
The Raoul-Duval papers described here are closely related to additional Raoul-Duval files in the Ford Presidential papers. Among the latter, the series on domestic policy issues are available for research as are the numerous related files of colleagues on the Domestic Council staff. A portion of the Raoul-Duval files from his work on the Republican Party platform, the 1976 debates, Peterson Commission report, and the 1976 State of the Union address will soon be made available.

Almost all significant materials on the Intelligence Coordinating Group, including Raoul-Duval's files and those of John Marsh and the national security adviser, Brent Scowcroft, are currently unprocessed and will not be available for some time. An exception is White House Central Files category ND 6 Intelligence.

Currently available materials on the 1976 election campaign and presidential debates vary widely in scope and quality. A listing of these materials and important reference books in the Library is available from the reference archivist. Significant files now available include WHCF categories PL Political Affairs and PL 7 Debates.

The library's audiovisual collection includes videotapes of the three Ford-Carter debates, tapes of President Ford's rehearsals prior to the first debate, and copies of various Ford campaign radio and television spot advertising. Researchers should consult the audiovisual archivist for information on availability.


Domestic Policy Papers, 1974-76.  (Boxes 1-10, 4.0 linear feet)
Primarily material on Raoul-Duval's Domestic Council work, but also his continuing involvement with energy legislation. Of particular value are schedules, talking points, and especially notes from meetings with the President, his advisors, and others. The wide variety of topics includes energy, environmental, and transportation programs and legislation. The series also contains vouchers, schedules, reference materials, and copies of remarks, from Raoul-Duval's various official engagements outside the White House; miscellaneous copies of presidential speeches, press conferences and messages to Congress; and material on Raoul-Duval's work on the 1975 State of the Union address.

Arranged alphabetically by subject and thereunder chronologically.

View container list for this series

Intelligence Coordinating Group Papers, 1975-76.  (Box 11, 0.4 linear feet)
Miscellaneous notes, memoranda, agendas, and schedules primarily on the ICG's organization, meetings with the President, and routine work with the House and Senate intelligence committees. Most of Raoul-Duval's ICG files are in the Ford Presidential Papers and are currently unprocessed and unavailable for research (March 1984).

Arranged alphabetically by subject.

View container list for this series

Election Campaign Papers, 1976.  (Boxes 12-24, 5.2 linear feet)
Memoranda, meeting notes, draft reports, correspondence, and press statements accumulated by Raoul-Duval during his senior-level involvement in President Ford's election campaign. His work on the California primary and the fall campaign strategy is well-documented. Especially valuable are notes from meetings with President Ford and other White House staff and various drafts of the strategy book that served as a basis for the fall campaign. A sizable portion of the series consists of copies of presidential news summaries, press wires, and other press statements.

Arranged alphabetically by subject.

View container list for this series

Ford - Carter Debates Papers, 1976.  (Boxes 25-31, 2.8 linear feet)
Memoranda, correspondence, meeting notes, briefing papers on policy issues, polling information, press clippings, background reports and other materials accumulated by Raoul-Duval as coordinator of President Ford's preparations for debates with Jimmy Carter. Of particular high quality are notes and memos from strategy sessions with Ford and his advisors, rehearsal materials, including issue summaries, rehearsal transcripts, and draft remarks; and suggestions received from a variety of people both within the White House and outside government.

Arranged alphabetically by subject.

View container list for this series

Sub-series: Debate Working Papers, 1976. (Boxes 26-28, 1.2 linear feet)
Working papers concerning preparations for the debates, briefing materials, practice sessions, and the debate outcomes.

Arranged by debate and thereunder alphabetically.

View container list for this sub-series

Post Election Papers, 1976-77.  (Boxes 32-33, 0.8 linear feet)
Memoranda, correspondence, meeting notes, draft reports, and press clippings, primarily on three of Raoul-Duval's final responsibilities in the Ford administration: pre-election plans for smoothing Ford's transition to a second term; liaison with the Carter transition team; and review of the Peterson Commission report.

Arranged alphabetically by subject.

View container list for this series


Box 1 - Domestic Policy Papers
  • Biographical Information - Ford Administration, A-Z
  • Brinegar, Claude
  • Broder, David
  • Civil Aeronautics Board
  • Clean Air Act Amendments
  • Cargo Preference Legislation (1)-(6)
  • Duval Speeches and Travel
    • Miscellaneous Travel Vouchers
    • Undated, CSC Seminar
Box 2 - Domestic Policy Papers
  • Duval Speeches and Travel
    • 7/27/73, Santa Barbara, CA
    • 1974, National Association of Truck Stop Operators
    • 5/6/74, National Highway Safety Conference
    • 7/26/74, White House Conference: Chicago
    • 10/31/74, White House Conference: Portland
    • 11/11/74, National Association of Realtors: Las Vegas
    • 11/26/74, White House Conference: Minneapolis
    • 11/26/74, Aero Club: Background
    • 11/26/74, Aero Club: Correspondence
    • 11/26/74, Aero Club: Speech
    • 1/30/75, Harvard Club: New York
    • 2/75, Association National Affairs Conference
    • 2/2/75, White House Conference: Atlanta
    • 2/75, California
    • 2/16/75, Missouri
Box 3 - Domestic Policy Papers
  • Duval Speeches and Travel
    • 2/18/75, White House Conference: Miami
    • 3/25/75, Federal Energy Administration Staff
    • 4/3/75, White House Conference: San Diego
    • 4/18/75, White House Conference: New Hampshire
    • 5/75, Dallas
    • 5/18/75, San Diego Commencement Address (1)-(2)
    • 7/75, California
    • 8/75, California
    • 9/7/75, Boston Globe Interview
  • Economic Policy Board - Notes and Papers
  • Energy - Miscellaneous Items
  • Energy Proposals Briefing Book (1)-(2)
  • Energy Resources Council Monthly Report, 9/76
  • Federal Energy Administration
  • Fortune Magazine Article on White House Management
Box 4 - Domestic Policy Papers
  • Greenspan, Alan
  • International Oil Developments Statistical Survey
  • Kissinger - Remarks on Energy
  • Kissinger - Remarks on South Vietnam
  • Legislation - White House Staffing
  • Maritime Industry
  • Meeting with the President
    • Domestic Council Staff, 8/19/74
    • Energy, 8/28/74
    • Earl Butz, 8/29/74
    • George L. Cordova, 8/29/74
    • Dixie Lee Ray, 8/30/74
    • Arnold Miller, 9/2/74
    • Claude Brinegar, 9/4/74
    • Russ Train, 9/4/74
    • Walter Hickel, 9/17/74
    • Food for Peace Program, 9/17/74
    • Brinegar, Simon et. al., 9/17/74
    • Guy Stever, 9/19/74
    • Energy Issues, 9/23/74
    • Coleman Young, 9/23/74
    • Russ Peterson, 9/30/74
    • Abraham Beame et. al., 10/1/74
    • Henry Bellmon, 10/22/74
    • Max Fisher, 10/22/74
    • Arnold Miller, 10/29/74
    • Nicholas Camicia, 10/31/74
    • James Fletcher, 11/4/74
    • Craig Hosmer, 11/6/74
Box 5 - Domestic Policy Papers
  • Meeting with the President
    • Coastal Governors, 11/13/74
    • Russ Train, 11/27/74
    • Morton, et. al., 11/29/74
    • Morton and Butz, 12/4/1974
    • Claude Brinegar, 12/10/1974
    • Russ Peterson, et. al., 12/12/74
    • Auto Executives, 12/12/74
    • Zarb,, 12/13/74
    • Farm Bureau, 12/13/74
    • Morton,, 12/14/74
    • Wayne Hays, 12/17/74
    • Ash,, 12/18/74
    • Morton,, 12/19/74
    • Schlesinger, Morton,, 1/3/75
    • Morton, Train,, 1/6/75
    • Pete Peterson, 1/17/75
    • Robert Seamans,, 1/17/75
    • Nuclear Regulatory Commission, 1/20/75
    • Northeast Governors, 1/23/75
    • Religious Leaders, 1/30/75
    • Republican Congressmen, 1/31/75
    • Claude S. Brinegar, 1/31/75
    • Dick Herman, 2/5/75
    • Marsh,, 2/12/75
    • Butz,, 2/13/75
    • Oil Industry, 2/18/75
    • Russ Train, 3/3/75
    • American Petroleum Institute, 3/6/75
    • Maritime Industry, 3/7/75
    • Morton, 3/13/75
    • Congressional Leaders, 3/18/75
    • Frank Fitzsimmons, 3/19/75
    • William T. Coleman, 3/20/75
    • Coal Industry, 3/21/75
    • National Science Board, 3/21/75
    • Seidman,, 3/26/75
    • Dunlop,, 3/26/75
Box 6 - Domestic Policy Papers
  • Meeting with the President
    • Goddard Memorial Trophy, 4/11/75
    • American Railroads Association, 4/14/75
    • Butz,, 4/14/75
    • Missouri Farm Leaders, 4/15/75
    • Senators McClellan and Bartlett, 4/17/75
    • Zarb,, 4/20/75
    • Greenspan,, 4/25/75
    • Midwest and Northeast Governors, 6/7/75 (1)-(2)
    • Senator Pastore, 6/11/75
    • William Coleman,, 6/16/75
    • John Miller, 6/20/75
    • Senator Beall and Congressman Gude, 6/19/75
    • Eddie Hebert, 6/21/75
    • Environmental Leaders, 7/3/75
    • Coleman,, 7/7/75
    • Claude Brinegar, 7/8/75
    • Stanley Hathaway, 7/13/75
    • Gov. Jay Hammond, 9/2/75
    • Mayor Tom Bradley, 9/19/75
    • Economic Policy Board, 4/13/76
    • Attorney General, 5/4/75 and 5/19/75
  • National Coal Association (1)-(2)
  • OPEC Objectives - FEA Study (1)-(2)
Box 7 - Domestic Policy Papers
  • Peterson, Pete
  • President - Political
  • Presidential Interviews
  • Presidential Management Initiatives
  • Presidential Messages to Congress (1)-(3)
  • Presidential Press Conferences (1)-(3)
  • Presidential Speeches (1)-(2)
Box 8 - Domestic Policy Papers
  • Presidential Speeches (3)-(4)
  • Presidential Trips
    • World Energy Conference, 9/23/74: Detroit
    • Cleveland, 10/22/74
    • Houston, 2/75
    • Pittsburgh, 2/75 (Proposed)
    • Miami, 2/25/75
    • South Carolina, 2/75 (Proposed)
    • South Bend, 3/17/75
    • California, 4/75
    • Georgetown: St. John's Church, 3/7/76
  • Press Clippings on Raoul-Duval
  • Press Office
  • Press Office Briefings
  • Recommended Telephone Calls
  • Schedule Proposals
  • Speech Material
    • Economy and Employment
    • Energy (1)-(2)
Box 9 - Domestic Policy Papers
  • Speech Material
    • Ford Actions
    • Miscellaneous Articles (1)-(2)
    • Miscellaneous Clippings and Notes
    • Presidential Power
    • Privacy
    • Transportation
    • Welfare
  • State of the Union - 1975
    • Energy Issues
    • Fact Sheet
    • Former Presidential Addresses
    • Land Use (1)-(3)
Box 10 - Domestic Policy Papers
  • State of the Union - 1975
    • Press Release Copy
    • Printed Version
    • Transportation Issues
  • State of the Union - 1976
  • Strategic Petroleum Reserve Plan (1)-(6)
  • Transportation Briefing Book
  • White House Office Handbook
  • White House Staff Organization
Box 11 - Intelligence Coordinating Group Papers
  • Classified Material to Congress - Handling
  • Draft Plan for Intelligence Coordinating Group, 10/75
  • Duval Speeches and Travel
    • 11/13/75: American Bar Association
    • 2/27/76: North Central Life, Miami
    • 3/11/76: American Business Club
    • 5/11/76: Republicans Women's Club
  • Electronic Surveillance Legislation
  • House of Representatives Subpoenas, 2/76
  • Mandate and Procedures
  • Meeting with the President
    • 9/24/75, Republican Congressional Leadership
    • 9/26/75, Congressional Leaders
    • 10/13/75, Intelligence Reform
    • 3/23/76, Congressional Leaders
    • 12/30/75, La Guardia Bombing
    • 1/2/76, La Guardia Bombing
    • 1/24/76, Foreign Intelligence Decisions
  • Terrorism
  • VU Graphs on Intelligence Organization
Box 12 - Election Campaign Papers Box 13 - Election Campaign Papers Box 14 - Election Campaign Papers Box 15 - Election Campaign Papers Box 16 - Election Campaign Papers Box 17 - Election Campaign Papers Box 18 - Election Campaign Papers Box 19 - Election Campaign Papers Box 20 - Election Campaign Papers Box 21 - Election Campaign Papers Box 22 - Election Campaign Papers Box 23 - Election Campaign Papers Box 24 - Election Campaign Papers Box 25 - Ford - Carter Debates Papers Box 26 - Ford - Carter Debates Papers Box 27 - Ford - Carter Debates Papers Box 28 - Ford - Carter Debates Papers Box 29 - Ford - Carter Debates Papers Box 30 - Ford - Carter Debates Papers Box 31 - Ford - Carter Debates Papers Box 32 - Post Election Papers
  • Ash, Roy
  • Cabinet Meeting Notes, 11/5/76
  • Clippings and Articles
  • Contacts with Carter People
  • Input from Agencies
  • Miscellaneous
  • Peterson Commission
    • Correspondence and Testimony
    • Final Report
    • Meeting with Chief Justice Burger, 12/15/76
    • Meeting with Legislative Leaders, 12/14/76
    • Meeting with the President, 12/11/76
    • Meeting with the President, 12/11/76 - Briefing Book (1)-(2)
    • Meeting with the President, 1/17/77
    • Message to Congress, 1/17/77
    • Notes and Reference Material
    • Option Memo Draft
    • Press Comment
    • Report Staffing
    • Salary Levels
    • Telephone Call to Jimmy Carter, 1/13/77
Box 33 - Post Election Papers
  • Presidential Transition Study Group (Harvard)
  • Second Transition Memo - First Draft and Notes
  • Second Transition Memo - Second Draft
  • Second Transition Memo - Final Version, 10/29/76
  • Stahl, Lesley
  • Travel - 1976 Presidential Debates De-Briefing, 11/29-30/76
  • Travel - Harvard University Institute of Politics Conference on Campaign
  • Decision-Making, 12/3-4/76