WHCF Subject File - JL: Judicial - Legal Matters

According to the White House Central Files manual, this category was for "material pertaining to the judiciary and judicial procedure; crimes and criminal procedure, including criminals, crime conditions, investigations, wire tapping; for legal matters of a general nature pertaining to claims, litigations, decisions, opinions, interpretations and notaries." The category was not to be used for "form material that can be filed under more specific categories."

Specific exceptions are: international law (see FO); judicial branch of the Federal government (see FG); laws and legislation (see LE); military justice (see ND); patents and inventions (see BE).


JL: Judicial - Legal Matters
Executive 225 pp. / General 50 pp.
Material, especially cross-references, on miscellaneous legal and judicial matters, conferences, and legislation. Sample topics include electronic surveillance; the D.C. Conference on Law and the World; the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act; and privacy.

JL 1: Amnesties - Clemencies - Pardons
Executive 1200 pp. / General 1400 pp.
Material on the creation and administration of the amnesty program for Vietnam War deserters and draft evaders, and congressional and public reactions. Also, pardon requests on behalf of various individuals, the more notorious being "Tokyo Rose", E. Howard Hunt, Gordon Liddy, Governor Otto Kerner; and some reactions to the Nixon pardon.

JL 1/Nixon: Amnesties - Clemencies - Pardons/Nixon
Executive 1,100 pp. / General 5,600 pp.
Primarily material on congressional and public reaction to the Nixon pardon. The public opinion mail is a Central Files unit sampling from the much larger total received by the White House and stored as bulk mail. Included toward the beginning of the "Executive" file is material on the pardon announcement and the subsequent House Judiciary Committee inquiry.

JL 1-1: Amnesty - Clemency - Pardons: Approved Applications
Executive 2000 pp. / General none
Material on routine Justice Department clemency and pardon recommendations, and Vietnam War Amnesty recommendations of the Presidential Clemency Board. Primarily copies of official clemency grants, but also including some information on procedures, criteria, amnesty program progress to date, and case history background.

JL 1-2: Amnesty - Clemency - Pardons: Disapproved Applications
Executive 25 pp. / General none
Material on clemency denials, primarily name lists and routine transmittal memoranda.

JL 2: Civil Matters
Executive 800 pp. / General 175 pp.
Material on miscellaneous civil suits involving the Federal government, and occasional citizen requests for White House intercession in a judicial or legislative proceeding.

JL 2-1: Anti-Trust Cases
Executive 125 pp. / General 150 pp.
Material on anti-trust suits and legislation, most notably the AT&T suit, the 1974 Anti-Trust Procedures and Penalties Act, and the 1976 Anti-Trust Parens Patriae Act.

JL 3: Criminal Matters
Executive 1800 pp. / General 1100 pp.
Material on crime policy, crime legislation, and specific criminal cases. Sample topics include: gun control, anti-crime programs, auto-theft prevention, extradition treaties, the death penalty, anti-terrorism legislation, the La Guardia Airport bombing, illegal aliens, false identification, Americans imprisoned abroad, child kidnaping legislation, public opinion mail, requests for White House intercession, occasional items on political prisoners in South Korea and elsewhere, and similar topics.

JL 3-1: Assassination or Attempted Assassination
Executive 50 pp. / General 3 pp.
Miscellaneous items on alleged CIA assassination attempts and the murders of U.S. Foreign Service officers in Sudan and Lebanon.

JL 3-1/A-Z: Assassinations or Attempted Assassinations/(name)
Executive 60 pp. / General 20 pp.
Miscellaneous items on various assassinations and attempted assassinations including among others: U.S. Ambassadors Meloy and Davies, the British Ambassador to Ireland, Orlando Letelier, and Reverend Martin Luther King. Arranged alphabetically by name of victim.

JL 3-1/Ford: Assassination Attempts/Ford
Executive 500 pp. / General 5,500 pp.
Materials on the assassination attempts against President Ford by Lynette Fromme and Sara Jane Moore, consisting primarily of messages of support and concern. Messages from foreign leaders and personal friends dominate the "Executive" file while messages from the general public and school children dominate the "General" file.

JL 3-1/Kennedy, John: Assassinations or Attempted Assassinations/Kennedy John
Executive 18 pp. / General none

JL 3-2: Hijacking
Executive 50 pp. / General 50 pp.
Items on various airplane hijackings and attempts in the U.S. and overseas, especially including the Israeli rescue raid at Entebbe Airport, Uganda.

JL 4: Decisions - Opinions - Interpretations
Executive 7 pp. / General none
Miscellaneous cross-references on various relatively routine legal concerns.

JL 4-1: Attorney General Decisions - Opinions - Interpretations
Executive 50 pp. / General none
Material on the Attorney General's opinions on custody of the Nixon Presidential materials, and the applications of the ineligibility clause of the Constitution to congressional votes on salary increases. Also included are cross-references on these and a few similar matters.

JL 4-2: Comptroller General Decisions - Opinions - Interpretations
Executive 6 pp. / General none
One item on an "unacceptable" interpretation of the Impoundment Control Act and miscellaneous cross-references concerning the Comptroller.

JL 4-3: Judicial Decisions - Opinions - Interpretations
Executive 150 pp. / General none
Miscellaneous material on various cases before the Federal judiciary, and material on Supreme Court Justice John Paul Stevens' opinions while on the U.S. Court of appeals.

JL 5: Juvenile Delinquency
Executive 75 pp. / General 50 pp.
Material on the signing and implementation of the 1974 Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act, with occasional items on other delinquency related matters.

JL 6: Law Enforcement - Police Matters
Executive 200 pp. / General 50 pp.
Material on Presidential appearances before or meetings with law enforcement organizations; U.N. related security costs incurred by New York City; enforcement problems along the Mexican border; U.S. participation in INTERPOL; requests for assistance and expressions of concern; and miscellaneous other police related matters.

JL 6-1: Secret Service Protection for Former Presidents Candidates Families (and Foreign diplomatic Missions and Visitors)
Executive 200 pp. / General 1 p.
Material on Executive Protective Service and Secret Service protection of foreign visitors and diplomatic installations; proposed guidelines for authorizing Secret Service protection of Presidential candidates; reimbursement of municipal governments for protecting foreign missions; and protection for candidates, the President's family, and former administration officials.

JL 7: Lawyers - Legal Aid
Executive 100 pp. / General 50 pp.
Miscellaneous items on legal aid for the poor, especially matters of local concern; lawyers' fees in litigation over veterans benefits and civil rights; professional education; courtesy messages to professional organizations; legal ethics; and occasional other matters.

JL 8: Missing Persons
Executive 40 pp. / General 35 pp.
Material on the disappearance of Sandra Fronczak in Mexico, and miscellaneous items on other missing or kidnaped persons.

JL 9: War Crimes - Alien Property
Executive 225 pp. / General 50 pp.
Items on claims against Hungary, East Germany, Bulgaria, Chile, Yugoslavia, Cuba; Micronesian claims against the U.S.; annual reports of the Office of Alien Property; the blocking of Vietnamese and Cambodian assets in the U.S.; Vietnam War POW and MIA claims under the 1948 War Claims Act; indemnity for civilians interned in Southeast Asia; World War II related claims of former Yugoslav and Lithuanian nationals, and German -speaking East Europeans; and occasional similar items.

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