WHCF Subject File - CM: Commodities

According to the White House Central Files manual, this category was for "material pertaining to specific commodities or equipment and supply items such as grain, meat, automobiles, file cabinets. Include commodity weights, measures and standards."

Specific exceptions are: Procurement and disposal (see PQ); Exports, imports and tariffs (see TA); and the Metric System (see SC).


CM: Commodities
Executive 25 pp. / General 22 pp.
Materials on commodity-related legislation, such as H.R. 750, to create a congressional select committee to investigate material shortages, and Public Law 93-463, the Commodity Futures Trading Commission Act of 1974. Also included are items on commodity policy and pricing, the National Cargo Security Program, strategic stockpile policy, energy and resource shortages, and other miscellaneous topics.

CM 1-18: Not Used

CM 19: Ordnance and Accessories
Executive 140 pp. / General 235 pp.
Materials on gun control, especially S. 2186, the administration's bill to ban the manufacture, sale or transfer of "Saturday night specials."

CM 20: Food and kindred products
Executive 585 pp. / General 810 pp.
Materials on the world's food supply and shortages; the November 1974 World Food Conference; export of agricultural products, especially under Public Law 480, Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 (Food for Peace); rising food prices; agricultural problems, policy, and price support legislation; and the Supplemental Food Program.

CM 20-1: Alcohol and other beverages
Executive 35 pp. / General 120 pp.
Materials on the uses of California and Michigan wines in the White House and U.S. embassies; H.R. 8471, Use of Alcoholic Beverages in the Panama Canal Zone; wine labeling; a beer recall; the question of banning disposable beverage containers; and the use of alcoholic beverages on federally owned or leased properties.

CM 20-2: Dairy products
Executive 400 pp. / General 165 pp.
Materials on the "cost-price squeeze" of rising production costs and declining milk prices affecting dairy farmers. Includes efforts to gain administration support for legislation, vetoed by the President as inflationary, to increase price supports for milk. Also included are materials regarding the difficulties facing egg producers and H.R. 12000, the Egg Research and Consumer Information Act.

CM 20-3: Fruits and vegetables
Executive 100 pp. / General 8 pp.
Materials on migrant workers, the seed industry, the economic plight of the potato farmer due to a drop in price resulting from a surplus, the possible use of surplus potatoes to feed starving people abroad, the peanut price support program and proper disposition of stored peanuts, the asparagus industry, the purchase of sweet potatoes for school lunches and other programs, and other miscellaneous fruit and vegetable - related topics.

CM 20-4: Grain and mill products
Executive 835 pp. / General 530 pp.
Materials on grain sales to the U.S.S.R., Egypt, and Syria; rice surpluses and H.R. 15263, the Rice Act of 1974, permitting unrestricted production and minimizing government control and interference; coffee prices and the International Coffee Agreement; sugar prices, policy and problems; food shortages and rising prices; and crop subsidies and price support levels.

CM 20-5: Livestock; animals
Executive 80 pp. / General 60 pp.
Materials on lagging beef prices; livestock exports and imports; legislation concerning livestock and animals; animal feed contamination in Michigan; livestock losses due to predators and the related matter of predator control; animal diseases, such as hog cholera, foot-and-mouth disease, and brucellosis; and complaints re cruelty to animals, such as use of steel traps, calf slaughter and burro eradication.

CM 20-6: Meat - Seafood - Poultry
Executive 115 pp. / General 85 pp.
Materials on U.S. food policy; meat, seafood and poultry exports and imports; problems facing the livestock industry and dairy and poultry farmers; standards for "country" hams; the importance of including the value of beef by-products in calculating beef production costs; egg research; and other miscellaneous topics.

CM 21: Tobacco manufactures
Executive 270 pp. / General 16 pp.
Primarily materials on H.R. 9497, a bill to amend the computation of the level of tobacco price supports, vetoed by the President. Also included are materials on efforts to halt the purchase of tobacco under Public Law 480, the health consequences of smoking, and possible federal regulation of cigarette ingredients.

CM 22: Textile mill products
Executive 120 pp. / General 18 pp.
Materials on possible breaches of contract by foreign buyers of U.S. cotton, other problems facing cotton and wool growers, and target prices for cotton. Also included are materials on such miscellaneous topics as the establishment of a Textile Trade Policy Group; reports on the upland cotton program; H.R. 10930, an amendment to the Cotton Research and Promotion Act; and carpeting.

CM 23: Apparel and related products
There are no materials filed in this category.

CM 24: Lumber and wood products
Executive 16 pp. / General 30 pp.
Materials on a Timber Task Force to study timber policy; timber supplies; the harvesting and sale of timber from National Forest Service land; current economic problems, especially in housing; and treatment of cork under the Generalized System of Preferences.

CM 25: Furniture and fixtures
Executive 6 pp. / General 2 pp.
Miscellaneous materials on furniture and fixtures.

CM 26: Paper and allied products
Executive 5 pp. / General 40 pp.
Materials on paper waste and recycling, rising prices and shortages of paper due to the high prices of logs, and other miscellaneous topics.

CM 27: Printing and publishing
Executive 3 pp. / General none
Two items on H.R. 7072, which would allow the Federal Government to make advance subscription payments for audiovisual as well as printed materials, and one item on the transport of books to American Samoa.

CM 28: Chemicals and allied products
Executive 250 pp. / General 300 pp.
Materials on fertilizer allocation and shortages, including discussion of a waiver of the Jones Act to permit shipment of Alaskan fertilizer to the Pacific Northwest, encouragement of a new fertilizer plant construction, and priority allocation of natural gas for fertilizer production. Also included are materials on antifreeze shortages, suspension of all Aldrin/Dieldrin product registrations, a ban on the sale of laundry detergents, dissatisfaction with Environmental Protection Agency pesticide program, the Federal helium programs, disposition of shellfish saxitoxin held by the Central Intelligence Agency, the Toxic Substance Control Act, lead poisoning prevention, methanol as an alternate energy source, and other miscellaneous topics.

CM 29: Petroleum and coal products
Executive 3,800 pp. / General 2,400 pp.
Materials on rising energy costs; energy shortages and their impact; the need for and methods of energy conservation (gas rationing, gas tax, voluntary reduction in use, improved automobile fuel economy, etc.); and energy legislation, especially S. 622, the Omnibus Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975. Also included are materials on the decontrol and allocation of old oil; crude oil price equalization plans; deregulation of natural gas and petroleum; national coal policy and industry problems; oil production from Elk Hills Naval Petroleum Reserve; synthetic fuels, shale oil production and alternate energy sources; and efforts to achieve a balance in environmental, economic and energy objectives.

CM 30: Rubber and plastic products
Executive 6 pp. / General 11 pp.
Materials on tire grade standards, the use of retreaded tires as spares, and miscellaneous topics.

CM 31: Leather and leather products
Executive 4 pp. / General none
Four items on the shoe and glove industries.

CM 32: Stone clay and glass products
Executive 120 pp. / General 115 pp.
Materials on Environmental Protection Agency guidelines for mandatory deposits on beverage containers, the shortage of home canning supplies, and other miscellaneous topics.

CM 33: Primary metal industries
Executive 270 pp. / General 65 pp.
Materials on uranium resources and policies, especially efforts to achieve a private uranium enrichment industry and expanded production capacity; legislation relating to disposal, release from the national stockpile and temporary duty suspension of such metals as silver, lead, chromite, zinc and copper; procurement by the U.S. Army of cast armor for M60 tanks; copper consumption and production; price increases in the aluminum and steel industries; and other topics relating to primary metal industries.

CM 34: Fabricated metal products
Executive 145 pp. / General 165 pp.
Materials on shortages and rising prices of fabricated steel products, especially jar lids for home canning and pipes used in drilling operations; the revision of specialty steel import quotas; ferrous scrap prices and export policy; the disposal of Liberty ships; the use of steel traps; and environmental concerns affecting the steel industry.

CM 35: Machinery, except electrical
Executive 60 pp. / General 100 pp.
Material on computers; information systems; regulation of heavy-duty engines; alternative automobiles, including steam-powered, innovative carburetors and other energy-saving automobile devices, and Environmental Protection Agency testing of the "LaForce Car"; and other miscellaneous topics concerning non- electrical machinery.

CM 36: Electrical machinery
Executive 15 pp. / General 145 pp.
Materials on autopen signatures, energy efficiency goals for appliances, computers, electrical vehicles, efforts of the Kleinschmidt Division of the SCM Corporation to obtain a Department of Defense contract for the Forward Area Tactical Teletypewriter, and other miscellaneous topics.

CM 37: Transportation equipment
Executive 330 pp. / General 275 pp.
Materials on government-mandated safety standards and their effect on the cost of the automobile, regulations on truck and trailer air brake systems (Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 121), auto emission standards versus improved fuel economy, alternative vehicles and other energy-saving automobile devices, the possible use of retreaded tires as spares, the Motor Carrier Reform Act, school bus safety standards, an International Jet Engine Cooperative Arrangement (JT-10D), government procurement of air-craft and automobiles, restrictions on the use of off-road vehicles on public lands, and other transportation-related topics.

CM 38: Instruments and related products
Executive 55 pp. / General 140 pp.
Primarily materials on medical devices, especially hearing aids and contact lenses; and possible effects, both positive and negative, of legislation to establish standards, require pre-market review, and control of medical devices.

CM 39: Miscellaneous manufacturing
Executive 17 pp. / General 4 pp.
Materials on such miscellaneous topics as the manufacture of WIN buttons, estimated domestic consumption of whisk-brooms, tariff-rate quotas on broomcorn brooms, a Consumer Product Safety Commission investigation of certain toys, the slide fastener industry, plant hangers, and the purchase of a silver service for White House use.

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