Associate Director for Energy and Science
Domestic Council


Summary Description | Biographical Information | Introduction | Series Descriptions | Container List


Material concerning the development of federal government legislation and policy affecting the development, production, and environmental impact of nuclear, fossil, and alternative energy sources. Topics include the Alaska pipeline, off-shore oil, clean air, coal mining, deregulation of energy pricing, Naval Petroleum Reserves, proliferation of nuclear power technology, and uranium enrichment. Significant files also concern structures for providing the President with advice on science and technology policy, the space program, and earthquake prediction.

28.0 linear feet (ca. 56,000 pages)

Gerald R. Ford (accession number 77-39)

Open. Some items are temporarily restricted under terms of the donor's deed of gift, a copy of which is available on request, or under National Archives and Records Administration general restrictions (36 CFR 1256).

Gerald Ford donated to the United States of America his copyrights in all of his unpublished writings in National Archives collections. The copyrights to materials written by other individuals or organizations are presumed to remain with them. Works prepared by U.S. Government employees as part of their official duties are in the public domain.

Prepared by Dennis A. Daellenbach, October 1980
[s:\bin\findaid\schleede, glenn - files.doc]


Glenn R. Schleede

June 12, 1933 - Born, Lyons, NY

1952-56 - U.S. Air Force

1956-60 - B.A., Gustavus Adolphus College, St. Peter, MN

1960-61 - M.A. in Industrial Relations, University of Minnesota

1961-65 - Management Intern, then Contractor Personnel Specialist, Atomic Energy Commission

1965-72 - Management analyst, then budget examiner, branch chief and assistant division director, Bureau of the Budget/Office of Management and Budget (Management Division, Energy and Science Division, and Natural Resources Division)

1972-73 - Deputy Assistant Director for Policy and Program Review, Office of Planning and Analysis, Atomic Energy Commission

March-May 1973 - Assistant to Earl Butz, Counsellor to the President for Natural Resources

1973-75 - Staff Assistant, then Assistant Director for Natural Resources, Domestic Council

1975-77 - Associate Director for Energy and Science, Domestic Council

1977-81 - Senior Vice President, National Coal Association, Washington, DC

1981 - Executive Associate Director, Office of Management and Budget

1982-? - President, New England Energy, Inc., Westborough, MA


The bulk of the files of Glenn R. Schleede cover the period August 1974 - January 1977. They reflect his activities as a staff member of the Domestic Council in the areas of energy, environment, science and technology.

Although his titles changed, Schleede served during the entire Ford administration in the same general subject area. Initially he worked under the direction of Michael Raoul-Duval, associate director for natural resources. In the spring and early summer 1975, there was a general reorganization of the Domestic Council. Schleede became Associate Director for General Government, reporting directly to Presidential Assistant James M. Cannon, the new executive director of the Domestic Council. Kathleen Ryan joined Schleede as an assistant director. He continued to deal with science, energy, and environmental matters, while Ryan handled cultural and consumer affairs. Ryan left the Council in early spring 1976 and Schleede's title narrowed to Associate Director for Energy and Science. At that same time, Dennis Barnes came to the Council staff as an assistant director and served under Schleede until the end of the Ford administration.

As a member of the Domestic Council staff, Schleede provided policy formulation and coordination in his areas of responsibility. Typically he would gather and analyze facts and opinions from individuals in the executive branch. Usually, the result of Schleede's endeavors was a draft letter, speech, message, or briefing paper for Duval, Cannon, or the President. The Council's goal was to assure that the President benefitted from different points of view, presented in a factual and orderly fashion.

Schleede worked closely with top officials in the appropriate agencies and departments and with other staff in the White House and Executive Office of the President. The agencies he most often dealt with, as reflected in his Files, were: Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA), Federal Energy Administration (FEA), National Science Foundation (NSF), National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and the Office of Budget and Management (OMB). The files also contain some material on the Energy Resources Council (ERC), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Nuclear Regulatory Commission, National Security Council (NSC), and the Department of Interior.

Schleede played a particularly active role in legislation related to science, energy, and the environment. Major subjects among his legislative history materials are: auto emissions and clean air standards; leasing of the outer continental shelf; establishment of an Office of Science and Technology Policy; strip mining; and the development of a private uranium enrichment industry. In several instances Schleede took part in negotiations between the executive branch and members of Congress, and the executive branch and private industry. He helped to draw up legislation, reviewed congressional testimony by administration officials, and assisted in preparing Presidential statements. As bills moved through the legislature, he drafted status reports and briefing papers for Cannon and the President. When enacted, he worked on the President's approval or veto messages.

Schleede's files also document his considerable work on policy decisions affecting science and energy developments apart from the legislative process. He reviewed and recommended appoint-ments for government positions related to science and energy and prepared administration responses to several General Accounting Office (GAO) reports. He helped devise and coordinate policy on the Alaska pipeline, earthquake prediction, coal and natural gas usage, funding for energy research and development, the naval petroleum reserves, and nuclear power and policy. Documentation on questions of nuclear energy is especially significant, particularly regarding the decisions and drafts in 1976 leading up to the Fri Report in September and President Ford's statement on nuclear policy of October 28.

The files reflect the manner in which they were created. Schleede initially segregated his material, with some overlap, into three chronological periods. He retired the first two segments, primarily covering 1974 and 1975, to the White House Central Files for storage. These two segments, together with the material he retained in his office until the end of the administration, constitute the sum of his files. Only a small number of scattered items date before Ford became President on August 9, 1974. On most documents, Schleede indicated the subject under which he wanted the items to be filed. There were many exceptions to his requests, usually when he listed only a general subject area. Karen Kemp, his secretary for most of the period (noted as "KK"), might then establish and file the material in various subdivisions within the broad subject heading. Under such a system, it is not unusual to find documents that logically could rest in two or more folders.

The subject file is the largest series with the three chrono-logical segments mentioned above consolidated into one overall subject file. Following Schleede's practice, however, folder titles where possible, still indicate the pertinent year. Some folders -- such as those for uranium enrichment in 1975 --initially contained many hundreds of pages. To be compatible with the rest of the subject file, these large folders were divided into subtopics during archival processing.

Other series are considerably smaller. The chronological file covers the entire Ford administration. It is not complete, however, because Schleede occasionally filed items marked "Chron" in the subject folders. The series for congressional correspondence, referrals, and telephone logs only cover certain months in 1974-75. It is unclear whether Schleede created the documents only for the short periods, or whether he created but did not retain similar items for other periods. The final small series is a Kathleen Ryan subject file. When Ryan resigned, other members of the Domestic Council staff received her subject folders for the areas of their responsibility. Schleede kept the Ryan folders related to NASA, NSF, and science, but did not interfile any of his own material into them.

Related Materials (October 1980)
Files of several other Domestic Council staff members contain material related to subjects on which Schleede worked. Although he handled some environmental issues, he concentrated more on science, energy, and nuclear questions. The files of his first supervisor, Michael Raoul-Duval, contain complementary material on environmental concerns such as auto emissions and strip mining. Later, Steve McConahey handled transportation-related energy problems, and George Humphreys had the lead in energy-environment trade-offs. The separate files of Schleede's assistants, Kathleen Ryan and Dennis Barnes, also have related material. In addition, the White House Central Files category SP Speeches contains substantive Schleede material for several Presidential messages to Congress in 1976-77.


Subject File, 1974-77.  (Boxes 1-56, 22.4 linear feet)
Correspondence, memoranda, briefing papers, speeches and message drafts, Q's and A's, fact sheets, reports, charts, tables, biographies, press releases, congressional bills and reports and testimony, articles and clippings, and printed material. Major topics include auto emissions and clean air act, coal and strip mining, science and technology policy, energy research and development, and nuclear energy questions of waste management, safeguards, plutonium production, and uranium enrichment. Reflecting Schleede's role in helping to coordinate administration science and energy policy, the file contains material especially from ERDA, FEA, NASA, NSF, and OMB.

Arranged alphabetically by subject and subdivisions, and chronologically thereunder.

View container list for this series

Chronological File, 1974-77.  (Boxes 57-64, 3.2 linear feet)
Primarily copies of Schleede's letters, memoranda, and notes to Domestic Council staff, White House staff, officials of federal agencies and departments, and private individuals; draft briefing papers, speeches, messages, and Q's and A's; weekly activities reports. Most of the material, usually duplicated in the subject file, related to energy, science, technology, and environmental topics assigned to Schleede. Also included are a small number of administrative and personal items.

Arranged chronologically.

View container list for this series

Congressional Correspondence, 1974-75.  (Box 64, 0.2 linear feet)
Primarily copies of incoming letters from members of Congress and copies of agency replies sent to Schleede for his information. Occasionally includes original incoming letters and draft replies by Schleede. All relate to the Ford Administration's energy programs.

Arranged chronologically.

View container list for this series

Referrals, 1974-75.  (Boxes 65-68, 1.6 linear feet)
Each case usually includes a copy of an incoming letter, telegram, or mailgram, a White House referral form, and a copy of the outgoing response. Occasionally there are supporting memoranda and notes. Schleede referred items primarily to FEA, ERDA, EPA, and ERC. Subjects included oil prices, energy-related inventions, oil drilling problems, public utilities, and other energy-related issues. Correspondents included both members of the general public and prominent government officials.

Arranged alphabetically by correspondent's surname.

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Telephone Logs, 1975.  (Box 69, 0.2 linear feet)
White House telephone memoranda forms showing Schleede's daily telephone calls. Handwritten information for each call includes designation of incoming or outgoing, time of day, name of person talked to, and possible action.

Arranged chronologically.

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Kathleen Ryan Subject File, 1975-76. (Box 70, 0.4 linear feet)
Primarily correspondence and memoranda to and from Ryan; additional items include briefing papers, agenda, schedule proposals, press releases, and printed material. Major topics are space shuttle development and other activities of NASA, the awards ceremony in 1975 for the National Medal of Science, NSF projects, and establishment of a science advisor in the White House.

Arranged alphabetically by subject, and chronologically thereunder.

View container list for this series


Box 1 - Subject File

Box 2 - Subject File

Box 3 - Subject File

Box 4 - Subject File

Box 5 - Subject File

Box 6 - Subject File

Box 7 - Subject File

Box 8 - Subject File

Box 9 - Subject File

Box 10 - Subject File

Box 11 - Subject File

Box 12 - Subject File

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Box 15 - Subject File

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Box 27 - Subject File

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Box 39 - Subject File

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Box 55 - Subject File

Box 56 - Subject File

Box 57 - Chronological File

Box 58 - Chronological File

Box 59 - Chronological File

Box 60 - Chronological File

Box 61 - Chronological File

Box 62 - Chronological File

Box 63 - Chronological File

Box 64 - Chronological File

Box 64 (Continued) - Congressional Correspondence

Box 65 - Referrals

Box 66 - Referrals

Box 67 - Referrals

Box 68 - Referrals

Box 69 - Telephone Logs

Box 70 - Kathleen Ryan Subject File