Gerald R. Ford Library

1000 Beal Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI  48109-2114



Press Secretary's Office






Press Secretary to the President:

Files, 1974






       TerHorst, in preparation for his press briefings, August 9‑September 6, 1974, gathered such material as schedules, draft announcements, and guidance prepared by the National Security Council and other staff.  Also included is courtesy correspondence with well‑wishers.  There is no documentation concerning the Nixon pardon or terHorst's resignation over it.  Some office files from the period are in the Ron Nessen Files and the Ron Nessen Papers.



1.2 linear feet (ca. 2,400 pages)



Gerald R. Ford (accession number 77-107)



Open.  Some items are temporarily restricted under terms of the donor's deed of gift, a copy of which is available on request, or under National Archives and Records Administration general restrictions (36 CFR 1256).



Gerald Ford has donated to the United States of America his copyrights in all of his unpublished writings in National Archives collections.  The copyrights to materials written by other individuals or organizations are presumed to remain with them.  Works prepared by U.S. Government employees as part of their official duties are in the public domain.


Prepared by Barbara J. White, May 1983

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                                           BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION




                                           Jerald Franklin terHorst




July 11, 1922                       Born, Grand Rapids, Michigan


1943‑46                              Officer, U.S. Marine Corps


1946‑51                              Reporter, Grand Rapids Press


1947                                   B.A., University of Michigan


1951‑52                              Officer, U.S. Marine Corps


1953‑57                              City and state political writer, Detroit News


1958‑60                              Washington correspondent, Detroit News


1961‑74                              Washington Bureau Chief, Detroit News


Aug.-Sept. 1974                  Press Secretary to the President


1974‑81                              National affairs columnist, Detroit News/Universal Press Syndicate


1981‑present                       Washington director of public affairs, Ford Motor Company





            Jerald terHorst was named Press Secretary to the President on August 9, 1974, the day Gerald R. Ford became the 38th President of the United States.  He was Ford's first presidential appointment.  TerHorst was a Michigan newspaperman who had covered Ford's political career since the 1948 Congressional race.


As Press Secretary to President Ford, terHorst was responsible for conveying information on the President's programs and activities to the press.  Each morning terHorst met with the President and top White House staff members, including Alexander Haig, Brent Scowcroft, Henry Kissinger, Robert Hartmann and Donald Rumsfeld.  Afterward he prepared for his weekday and occasional Saturday briefing of the White House press corps.  Les Janka, National Security Council, provided terHorst with press items and briefings on foreign affairs and defense related matters.  John G. Carlson, assistant press secretary, provided information on domestic issues.  The President's schedule and other information, such as texts of presidential messages and remarks, personnel lists, biographical data and arrangements, were posted.  During the press briefing, terHorst would first review the details of the day's schedule, make announcements, then answer questions from the press.


TerHorst's tenure as press secretary lasted one month.  On Sunday, September 8, 1974, Ford granted a full pardon to Nixon and terHorst presented his written resignation.  He rejoined the Detroit News as a national affairs columnist and Deputy Press Secretary John W. Hushen became acting press secretary.


The terHorst files cover only the period from August 9 to September 8, 1974 when he served as press secretary.  The most significant portion of the collection is the press briefing background materials, which are useful for viewing the administration's handling of the news media during this period of transition.  They contain extensive guidance on current issues, but the information was often provided to the press only when requested.  Therefore, some of this material is not available in the transcripts distributed after the briefings.  These files are also valuable for tracing the procedures followed daily by the press secretary in preparing for press briefing.


The majority of the first two series in this collection, the chronological and personal files, contain terHorst's responses to letters of congratulations.  The two series frequently duplicate each other.  The final series, the subject file, contains Q's and A's and other press guidance background information.  Materials reflecting his duties other than serving as spokesman for the President through the daily press briefings do not survive.



Related Materials (May 1983):

Related materials include the files of his successor, Ron Nessen, especially the press briefings series which contains the transcripts of terHorst's briefings; the Ron Nessen papers; and the files of staff members of the Press Secretary's Office.


Series Descriptions


1                      Chronological File, 1974.  (0.4 linear feet)

White carbons of outgoing correspondence to general public, professional acquaintances and others concerning issues such as vice‑presidential candidates, views on policy, requests for Presidential interviews, and congratulations to terHorst.

Arranged chronologically.


1‑2           Personal File, 1974.  (0.8 linear feet)

Correspondence exchanged with the general public, professional acquaintances and others, including letters of congratulations and invitations to terHorst.  There are occasional draft handwritten replies.  Responses dating September 9‑12, 1974, are signed by John W. Hushen.

Arrangement is alphabetical by first letter of name of correspondent and chronological thereunder.


2‑3           Press Briefing Materials, 1974.  (0.8 linear feet)

Press announcements, memoranda, schedules, agendas, notes, White House press releases, news wires and newspaper clippings compiled by terHorst in preparation for daily press briefings.  The majority of memoranda are from Les Janka (NSC) and John Carlson (Press Secretary's Office) for briefing and guidance.  Topics include the transition, President's schedules and meetings, staff changes, resignations, domestic and foreign affairs.

Arranged chronologically by date of press briefing.


3                      Subject File, 1974.  (0.4 linear feet)

Q's and A's, memoranda, correspondence, transcripts and speech texts routed to terHorst for background and guidance.  Q's and A's and press guidance memoranda cover both foreign and domestic topics.

Arranged alphabetically.


Container List


Box 1     Chronological File


Personal File

A ‑ L


Box 2     Personal File

M ‑ Z and Invitations

Press Briefing Materials



Box 3     Press Briefing Materials


Subject File


Q's and A's ‑ Domestic Policy

Q's and A's ‑ General

Q's and A's ‑ International Policy

Press Guidance ‑ Domestic

Press Guidance ‑ Foreign

White House Privileges